Yesterday I gave a talk at my university’s teaching innovation symposium on using gigapan and photosynth technology for providing and alternate learning experience for mobility impaired students who have difficulties undertaking geological fieldwork. As a potential teaching innovation for myself, and because I was going to be talking about using images at multiple scales, I thought it would be a good idea to experiment with Prezi rather than using a traditional PowerPoint presentation. I also thought it might be a good idea to blog my first impressions.
For those who are unfamiliar with Prezi, instead of having a number of individual slides, one has a single canvas on which all elements are arranged and a motion path is constructed between the elements. The presentation then follows the motion path, panning, rotating and zooming between the elements as necessary. This generates a smoother, virtually seamless presentation and this appeared to chime well with the zooming and panning of gigapan, and the theme of the talk that any alternative fieldwork experience must mimic the way in which geology students should approach an outcrop – overview first, the move in, examining features in detail around the outcrop, and then zooming out to reassess the exposure at a large scale.
[My most explored gigapan – Autobrecciated flow-banded rhyolites from Penfathach, Pembrokeshire]
The Prezi interface is quite intuitive following some simple tutorials with the placing and sizing of images and text. The presentations can be compiled on-line via their website for free (with a larger file storage allocation if you are in education) or they can be done off-line via a paid-for application. However, since there is a free 30-day trial of the off-line programme, I opted to try that. The basics are straight forward but I did find a few issues that did annoy me slightly. However, please bare in mind that I was using the software for the first time and I was under time pressure to write the talk quickly.
What is not highlighted in the overview tutorials, but I did find in the ‘known issues’ section of the website only after I had written about half the presentation, was that the maximum permitted image size is 2880 pixels. Prezi will quite happily allow one to upload an image larger than this without any warning and issues only show up later when trying to show the presentation. Because many of my raw image from my Canon 5D are 4368 pixels I had to go back through the presentation, remove all the oversize images, resize the originals and insert the new copies.
What I wanted to achieve was an effect where I had an overview of an image and then zoom into some small text inserted over an important feature, to highlight it. This works well except when the text is below a certain size. In such cases, the background image disappears leaving just the text. Whilst I can see that in some cases this might be useful, it wasn’t the effect that I was trying to achieve and there seemed no way that I could control the level at which the image disappeared. The only thing that I could do was to enlarge the text or extend the line length until the image remained in the presentation by trial and error. This resulted in having some text on the images that was larger than I really wanted.
Also the image vanishing wasn’t consistent. To rearrange things on the canvas, one can group them, move the group and then delete the group container leaving the moved elements. However, sometimes just moving an image with its text will cause an image to disappear when it remained before it was moved. Also, non-disappearing images in the off-line presentation would vanish when the presentation was uploaded onto the on-line site for sharing. This inconsistency was infuriating as I knew the effect I wanted to achieve but it was very frustrating getting it to work, testing the presentation over and over again. I also had to check that it also all worked at the resolution of the projected image as well as that when just editing on the laptop at a higher resolution.
Our university has only recently upgraded its wifi network. They have done a very good job (I can now connect to it on my iPhone for example where I couldn’t previously as it used a java login applet) but presenting in an unfamiliar room I wanted to not risk possible network issues and have every thing embedded in the presentation. Consequently, I used Camtasia to capture some demos of gigapans on the web and in Google Earth. Theoretically, the off-line version of Prezi can take a uploaded video file and then insert a converted file into the presentation. I simply couldn’t get this to work irrespective of which video format I tried to save the files in. I then tried uploading the videos to YouTube (successfully) and then insert these into the presentation as I had seen in the demonstrations. However, this would appear not to work using the off-line version. So I uploaded what I had of the presentation onto the Prezi website and then tried to insert the YouTube clips into this. This also failed to work.
By now I was running out of time. I had a half finished presentation and not much time left to complete it. I made the decision to put my trust in our IT people and their new wifi network, and break out of the presentation to run the gigapan, photosynth and Google Earth demos live. My trust was rewarded and everything worked on the day but there was more faffing about swapping from presentation to chrome, Google Earth and back than I would have liked.
I have subsequently discovered that if you enter the YouTube short URL as you are prompted to do by Prezi, this doesn’t work, but if you use the long URL from Camtasia or the advanced options from YouTube, it does. Consequently, I have now embedded some short clips into the presentation below.
When it came to the presentation there were a few issues too. First, I like to walk about a lot when I present and use a remote control device to advance sides. However, all this does in Prezi is to zoom in or out of the canvas. I had to stand by the laptop on the lectern to advance the presentation manually. The layout of the room was such that the computer console lectern was one side of the room and the projection screen was the other. It was also very side on so I couldn’t easily see the projection screen from where I was giving the talk so I spent far too much time looking as the computer screen and not interacting with the audience. Manually advancing the presentation is done using the arrow keys. However, I am very used to PowerPoint where the advance can be done by hitting the space key, which is much easier. Unfortunately, in Prezi this swaps from presentation to edit mode. I did this several times by instinct and it did disrupt the flow of my talk.
I am also very accustomed to the presenter view in PowerPoint where you can see the next side coming up as well as the current one on the screen of the presentation laptop. This really aids the flow of my talks now and a couple of times I was a bit lost without it.
Would I use Prezi again? Very possibly. The effects are good and the presentation does stand out from the PowerPoint fatigue. With a little more practice and in a lecture theatre with a better layout I think the talk could have gone better. However, the inability to use the remote, pace about, interact with the audience and know what was coming next did hinder my delivery. Despite the greater complexity and fiddliness of putting a talk together I would probably use this again for conference presentations as I think the presentation did stand out, but for day-to-day lecturing use I’m sticking with PowerPoint. PowerPoint also allows the easier creation of lecture notes for students.
You can judge the results here. Obviously, there is no audio with this presentation but you should get the general idea.
I’m late for this one and most of my geology photo archive isn’t on this laptop, so I’m going to go with something that I have to hand. This image is one of my gigapans (in this case a matrix of 16 x 6 photographs stitched together). It shows the foreshore at West Angle Bay, Pembrokeshire, Wales. The view looks westwards towards Milford Haven and shows the Lower Carboniferous Limestone contorted by a series of Variscan thrust related folds. One of the thrust planes is seen in the left of the image, over-steepened by the folding. To the centre of the image are a pair of whaleback periclinal anticlines. The beds then steepen again to vertical on the right via a tight syncline.
But the beauty of a gigapan image is that one can dive in and view the detail like the slickenside lineations on the thrust plane or the writing on the buoy.
I have been back in Pembrokeshire doing fieldwork for my MIS:TIQUE project. I love the county. It is fieldwork like this that makes my job one of the best in the world. I’d like to thank the Keele Learning and Teaching Innovation Grant scheme for funding the fieldwork.
I’ll post more about the geology and some of the gigapans that I have shot in future posts when I have done the image processing but, in the mean time, here are a few scenic shots. Note that the weather was not always this good!
Higher resolution and other Pembrokeshire photos are in my Flickr Set.